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Thread: ACW History: Interesting battles / Facts

  1. #1

    ACW History: Interesting battles / Facts

    I hope to read interesting history pieces and especially the lesser known battles or facts that are very interesting to share.
    It may cover the whole Civil War period and is not restricted to the Maryland Campaign.
    Last edited by brentcarter; 08-31-2018 at 12:42 PM.
    Richmond Howitzers, 3rd Company

  2. #2
    I guess I'll go first, I was researching facts about the involvement Alabama as a state had during the war and I came across a piece that highlighted the Naval battle at Mobile Bay:

    Since I read very little about the Naval aspect of the war I thought to share this:

    Fight for Mobile Bay, Alabama
    One of the most dramatic battles of the Civil
    War was fought for control of Mobile Bay,
    Alabama. After waiting for more than three
    years, the Union navy assaulted Confederate
    forces at Mobile Bay in 1864, sparking a
    battle that shook the Gulf Coast.

    The Battle of Mobile Bay was one of the most
    significant naval actions of the war. After
    assembling near the lighthouse on Sand
    Island offshore, the fleet of Admiral David G.
    Farragut steamed into the entrance of the
    heavily defended bay at 6:30 a.m. on August
    5, 1864.

    The fleet advanced via a channel that took it
    directly under the heavy cannon of Fort
    Morgan, a powerful masonry fortification on
    Mobile Point. The Confederate gunners in the
    fort opened fire with artillery barrages that
    shook the ground for miles around. Flame
    and smoke covered the fort and ships as
    Farragut returned fire and the battle raged.

    The Union ships had been lashed together
    in pairs and were led in the attack by four
    ironclad monitors. One of these, the U.S.S.
    Tecumseh, was firing on Fort Morgan when
    Confederates detonated a mine or "torpedo"
    beneath its hull. A massive explosion rocked
    Mobile Bay and the Tecumseh capsized and
    sank, taking down dozens of sailors with her.

    Panic over more mines gripped the fleet and
    the ships hesitated while under heavy fire
    from Fort Morgan. The Confederate gunners
    zeroed in and began to sweep the ships with
    canister, mowing down men and drenching
    the decks with blood.

    Admiral Farragut, tied into the rigging of his
    flagship Hartford so he could better observe
    the battle, was warned of the presence of
    torpedoes in the water. Realizing that halting
    under point blank range of the Confederate
    cannon would be a fatal mistake, he yelled
    out his immortal order, "Damn the torpedoes.
    Full speed ahead!"

    The fleet again picked up speed and soon
    punched its way through into Mobile Bay.

    The Federals moved out of range of the
    Southern guns and began to clear their
    decks when they saw the menacing form of
    the Confederate ironclad C.S.S. Tennessee,
    pouring on steam and closing in on the fleet
    from a sheltered position near Fort Morgan.

    In one of the boldest attacks of the war, the
    Tennessee took on the entire Union fleet. Her
    commander, Admiral Franklin Buchanan,
    drove in so close that the sides of the his
    ship were literally touching those of
    Farragut's vessels as they blasted away at
    each other with heavy artillery.

    The Tennessee was accompanied in her
    attack by several smaller gunboats, but these
    vessels were of wood and, although they
    fought fiercely, could not long stand the
    power of Farragut's larger warships. The
    Tennessee, however, was a different story.
    The massive ironclad fought it out with
    Farragut's fleet, turning in circles on Mobile
    Bay and fighting as many as seven Union
    warships at a time. For a time the Tennessee
    gained an advantage, but the massive weight
    and firepower of the Union fleet finally took its

    Buchanan and many of his men were
    wounded, the steering chains of his ship
    were shot away, the smokestack was riddled
    with shot and shell and heavy cannon shots
    had punched through the iron armor of the
    vessel, carrying death and carnage to the
    men inside.

    Unable to move and barely able to return fire,
    the C.S.S. Tennessee surrendered at a point
    about one mile north of Fort Gaines. The port
    of Mobile was closed to the Confederacy.
    Richmond Howitzers, 3rd Company

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